Experience and future

A long history of advance technology developments

And limited production runs




World speed record with Bertone ZER (309 km/h)



Over the years, electric cars of all sorts  (Fiat 500, French supercar, Maserati transaxle, etc..)




Hybrid and full electric systems for military midget submarines (tens of units)




Hybrid systems for ZF Marine (sailboats) over 100 units sold

Since 2015

Batteries and EVs start taking off

1998 – Today



DD motors for light transit (Phase design, Siemens brand)




Chinese State buys out Phase China to install large scale EV motor production

Phase Italy becomes tech and design center for next generation EV motor and drive, SiC based.




Phase-China cooperation to develop 15,000 rpm EV transmission for next generation BJEV vehicle




Phase starts development of high power density SiC MCUs with STuelectronics devices together with Nottingham University

Battery and cell technology and manufacturing

The new frontier

Since 2016

Phase recognizes the strategic importance of Li-Ion cell manufacturing and integration for the European industry and starts a specific R&D development investment with aim of manufacturing initially batteries and eventually cells and systems.


From early 2017, Phase starts Research programs with University of Genoa on cell chemistry and regeneration.


Phase starts development of own battery systems based on integration of 1865 battery cells

Product development: high power battery chargers for Moto-E and Formula-E competition, with 60 kWh storage inside (LG cells, Phase battery integration)




Bidirectional power battery to network interface for Enel-X.

5 patents applied on cell regeneration intrinsic safety, High density cooling, , bms  technology, AC interface.


New tech Phase pat. design

Suitable for regeneration and large storage systems (50 Ah cells, 10 kWh to 10 MWh) Production start 2022.
Technology initially NCM lithium 8-1-1, intrinsic safety, liquid cooled.
Phase is planning a specialized battery cell production plant.


To decarbonize the EU economy, up to 4000 GWh storage capacity will be needed by 2050 for renewables and transport.

The world 2025 capacity in construction is 1265 GWh – currently less than 3% in the EU, 90% in Far East.

Technology, cost & manufacturing landscape

The Li-ion cell market for automotive applications will grow to ~1.250 GWh in 2025, with dominance of CATL as the biggest Chinese player and LG Chem as the biggest player in the rest of the world.

Cell manufacturers RoW 2025 | in GWh

Total RoW* (without CN) 640GWh
LG Chem 250GWh
Panasonic 130GWh
SK Innovation 120GWh
Others (Northvolt, Farasis, AESC, etc.) 100GWh

*RoW here refers to European plus North American market

Cell manufacturers China 2025 | in GWh

Total China 625GWh
Lishen 70GWh
E@ Energy Absolute 60GWh
Others 45GWh


  1. According to the P3 CO2 compliance evaluation a rapid market growth of the lithium-ion cell market is expected until 2025  (CAGR: 35 %).
  2. The Chinese market will be dominated by CATL, whereas LG Chem is expected to dominate the remaining global market.
  3. Panasonic reaches a strong position through its close collaboration with Tesla.
  4. LG Chem is expected to stick with pouch cells, while CATL and SDI follow their strength in prismatic cells; Panasonic focusses further on  cylindrical cells for Tesla.

RoW  dominated by

LG CHEM’s Pouch cells.

~50 % market share

CHINA dominated by

CATL’s prismatic cells.

~50 % market share

Source: Based on P3 CO2 compliance model and constant partnerships/supplier relations until 2025.


Established cell manufacturers are building new production capacities in Europe to meet demand & needs.

Market opportunities arise from supply/demand discrepancies.

Source: Based on P3 CO2 compliance model and constant partnerships/supplier relations until 2025.


Project Target

Creation of first and only advanced Lithium cell and battery manufacturing facility in Italy or UK.

Targeted market: electric mobility for sea, land and air transport, energy storage.

Creation of first and only advanced Lithium cell and battery manufacturing facility in Italy or UK.

Initial market: large storage systems for hybrid ships (10-20 MWh/system).

Cell manufacturing facility (pouch type) + battery integration facility (system control, safety certified BMS and integration).

Initial production capacity 100 MWh/year.

Focus technology: NCM 8-1-1 Lithium ion with liquid cooling, improved safety (intrinsic quenching) and regeneration capacity (Phase pat. pend.) target 260 Wh/kg, 1000 cycles+, C4 capable.

Next generation in 4-5 years: all solid state battery, intrinsically safe, >400 Wh/kg

PMC battery cell technology for high capacity/power stacks

(multiple pat. pend.)

Cell size 200x100x11 mm
Capacity 50,8 Ah
Max current 250 A
Internal resistance 0,35 mOhm
Nominal voltage 3,7 V
Energy 188 Whr
Mass 710 grams
Volume 0,22 dm3
Specific energy 264 Wh/kg
Volumetric efficiency 856 Wh/dm3
Density 3,23 kg/dm3
Loss at 3C discharge, 20C 12 watt
Lateral thermal impedance 0,07 C/watt
Cell heat capacity 1054 J/C

Intrinsically safe NCM 811 cell with built in BMS (6 patents pending) designed for fluid cooling/thermal conditioning and high voltage stacking.

PMC battery cell technology for high capacity/power stacks

Cells are stacked with perimetral gaskets and are immersed in cooling fluid (Shell TM) with 3 functions:


reverse venting with cell flooding (Phase pat.)



by fluid flow path integrated in the pouch (Phase pat.)


on pouch without spring system

Integrated battery data (1m. 15,7 kWh stack)


68,7 kg

Energy density

229 kWh/kg

(inclusive of cooling circuit)

Resulting battery data
Stackable to 1000 Vdc
Stack size 140x240xh
Voltage 310 V/m
Energy 15,7 kWh/m
Coolant flow at 2C DT 3 liter/min*kWh
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